Backing

The lowest grade veneer which is generally only used yet as crossband veneers or for non-visible surfaces. Sold generally by the ton.

Backing Board

The boards which remain after slicing wood. Much appreciated as solid wood because these generally include the standing years and thus are relatively free of tension.

Birdseye

The term given to eye-shaped marking of the veneer, especially in the case of Birdseye Maple.

Block Mottle Figure

An irregular form of figuring which runs over the complete surface of the veneer.

Blue Stain

Blue stains on the surface of the veneer which occur through insufficient water extraction when slicing (too low heating capacity on the pressure bar or when slicing too fast) because water remaining on the surface of the veneer turns blue through oxidation.

Book

The most commonly used term for a bundle of veneer, especially by carpenters. This term comes from the veneer leaves following one after the other like pages in a book.

Book Match

A procedure in the further processing of veneers by which the successive veneer leaves are glued alternately with the front and rear side to retain a mirror-inverted sequence.

Buckle

Corrugation caused in the veneer leaf when drying as a result of different drying runs and irregular annual ring development within the veneer leaf. The veneer has to be flattened again to make the veneer saleable.

Bundle

Cut bundles of veneer generally containing 24 or 32 consecutive leaves in cutting sequence.

Burl

A term for veneers which are produced from the burr or burl formation. Differentiation is generally made between burl or burr growth above ground (Elm, Ash, Oak) and root burl or burr growth which develops below ground in the root (Californian Walnut, Madrone, Vavona, Myrtle).

Burl-Log

Term used for a burly trunk, log or veneer cut.

Butt

The bottom end of a log or veneer frequently featuring coarse annual ring development and undesired color variations caused by its rootstock.

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